The total population of Colombia is 49,464,683 people. The people of Colombia speak the Spanish language. The linguistic diversity of Colombia is nearly homogeneous according to a fractionation scale, which is 0.0193 for Colombia. The average age is around 28.9 years. Life expectancy in Colombia is 79. Female fertility rate in Colombia is 1.9. About 17% of Colombia's population is obese. Ethnic diversity is quite diverse according to a fractionation scale, which for Colombia is 0.6014. Details of the language, religion, age, gender distribution and advancement of the people of Colombia can be found in the sections below, as well as the section on education in the country.
In Colombia, the population density is 42.37 people per square kilometer (110 per square mile). Based on these statistics, this country is considered sparsely populated. The total population of Colombia is 49,464,683 people. Colombia has approximately 129,632 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Colombia account for 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Immigrants in Colombia account for 0.3 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. The ethnic diversity of Colombia is fairly diverse according to a fractionation scale based on ethnicity. Ethnic Fractionation (EF) deals with the number, size, socioeconomic distribution, and geographic location of diverse cultural groups, usually within a state or some other demarcated area. Specific cultural characteristics can refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. These characteristics are often used for social exclusion and power monopolization. The index of ethnic fractionation in Colombia is 0.6014. This means that there is a relatively high number of unique ethnic groups in Colombia. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group proportions, which reflects the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below the statistics of Colombia on the average age and gender distribution at different ages.
The average age is around 28.9 years. The average age for men is 27.9 and the average age for women is 29.9.
The sex ratio, or number of males per female (estimated at birth), is 1.06. It can be further broken down into the following categories: sex ratio under 15 - 1.05; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 0.97; sex ratio over 64 - 0.74; Overall sex ratio - 0.98. The overall sex ratio differs from the sex ratio estimated at birth. This is because some newborns are included in the sex ratio estimated at birth, but die within the first few weeks of life and are not included in the overall sex ratio.
The majority religion in Colombia is Christianity, whose adherents make up 92.5% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the largest religion in the world with over 2.4 billion followers known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the Savior of mankind, whose coming as Christ or Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. Besides Christianity, there are several other religions in the country. Other religions in Colombia are Islam, folk religions. Colombia's religious diversity is vaguely diverse according to a fractionation scale based on the number of religions in Colombia. The index of religious fractionation in Colombia is 0.1478. This score means that within the country there is a major belief with a few other subordinate beliefs.